Deeper Analysis

U.S. GDP Report Deconstructed

October 26, 2018

Good News: Real GDP expanded by a somewhat greater-than-expected 3.5% between 2Q and 3Q, expressed at an annualized rate (SAAR). The two-quarter pace of 3.8% was the fastest since the middle two quarters of 2014, when a 5.0% pace was achieved. On-year growth of 3.0% was the most in 13 quarters and just 0.8 percentage […] More

Three Risks When Political Leaders Influence Monetary Policy

October 17, 2018

President Trump’s progressively blunt criticism of the Federal Reserve for a string of gradual interest rate hikes should surprise nobody. The president’s style of overturning institutionsĀ  has taken him very far in politics. Criticizing Fed policy, even though the Chairman and two of the other current governors are his appointees, fits a pattern that has […] More

Spread Widens Between U.S. Non-Manufacturing PMI and Euroland’s Services PMI

October 3, 2018

The ISM-compiled U.S. non-manufacturing purchasing managers index rose 3.1 points in September to 61.6, which is a record high for this 10-year-old data series. Sub-indices for business activity/production and for jobs climbed by 4.5 points and 5.7 points, while those for prices and new business were 1.4 and 1.2 points above their August readings. The […] More

Trade War Concerns Affected U.S. and Euroland Manufacturing Purchasing Manager Indices Equally in September

October 1, 2018

In September, the ISM-Compiled factory PMI index fell 1.5 points to 61.3, while the IHS-compiled euro area PMI dropped 1.4 points to 54.6. The manufacturing sectors continued to improve, but the lower scores in each economy reflects a reduced rate of improvement in operating conditions. And America’s relative advantage was preserved, but the data do […] More

September and Third Quarter in Figures

September 29, 2018

Central bank policy rates were raised during the third quarter in the United States, U.K., and Canada but left unchanged in Japan, Switzerland and Euroland. Nevertheless, long-term interest rates climbed noticeably in all six of those economies. Thus, 10-year differentials between the U.S. and the other countries didn’t shift all that much. Moreover, the squeeze […] More

U.S. and Euroland Manufacturing Conditions Diverge

September 4, 2018

August saw the widest divergence that I can recall between U.S. factory conditions as measured by the ISM purchasing managers index and factory conditions in the euro area as measured by the IHS PMI. But there is a caveat. IHS also compiles a U.S. manufacturing PMI, and according to that measure, there was a deceleration […] More

August in Figures

August 31, 2018

Many stock markets performed well in August as such had in July. Exceptions were those in the U.K., Switzerland, and Canada. The yen and Swiss franc rose against the dollar, which otherwise advanced against the other currencies examined in this monthly feature. The dollar also strengthened 33% against the Turkish lira during August. The Bank […] More

Narrower U.S. Non-Manufacturing Advantage Last Month Versus Euro Area

August 3, 2018

The July spread between the ISM non-manufacturing U.S. purchasing managers index and IHS’s service-sector PMIĀ for the euro area was 2.4 points smaller than June’s differential. In combination with a 2.3-point contraction of their manufacturing PMI spread reported earlier this week, the sum of the two first differences was slightly more than halved to 4.5 points, […] More

U.S.-Minus-Euroland Manufacturing PMI Spread Narrowed Sharply Last Month

August 1, 2018

Mfg PMIs U.S. Euroland Spread EUR/USD Jan 2013 53.1 47.9 +5.2 1.330 February 53.1 47.9 +5.2 1.334 March 51.5 46.8 +4.7 1.295 April 50.0 46.7 +3.3 1.301 May 50.0 48.3 +1.7 1.299 June 52.5 48.8 +3.7 1.319 July 54.9 50.3 +4.6 1.309 August 56.3 51.4 +4.9 1.331 September 56.0 51.1 +4.9 1.335 October 56.6 51.3 […] More

July in Figures

July 31, 2018

Net dollar movement against currencies in other well-developed economies was modest in July, but the U.S. currency extended gains against developing country monies. The rise in long-term U.S. interest rates pulled up other sovereign debt yields, blunting the impact on rate differentials. The Bank of Canada was the only central bank examined for this update […] More