FOMC Preview

January 27, 2021

The Federal Open Market Committee holds eight scheduled meetings per year and consists of the seven members of the Board of Governors (appointed by the president and confirmed by the senate), the New York Fed president, who serves as Vice Chairman of the FOMC, and four of the other eleven district presidents, who rotate onto and off the FOMC at the start of each calendar year. In 2020, voting district presidents were Mester from the Cleveland Fed, Kashkari from the Minneopolis district, Harker from Philadelphia, and Kaplan from Dallas. For the coming, the four voting district presidents will be Barkin from the Richmond Fed, Daly from the San Francisco Fed, Bostic from Atlanta, and Evans of the Chicago Fed district. At most, this group could be marginally more last year’s crew but not enough to cause a shift in the central bank’s stance.

Today’s policy statement is due at 14:00 EST (19:00 GMT), followed a half hour later by Chairman Powell’s press conference. At the December 15-16 meeting six weeks ago, descriptive language in the statement regarding economic conditions and outlook were not modified from those in the November statement, but forecasts underwent a quarterly update. Projected GDP growth was put at 4.2% this year, then 3.2% in 2022 and 2.4% in 2023. PCE inflation is estimated to rise to 1.8% this year, 1.9% in 2022, and 2.0% in 2023, and unemployment falls to 5.0% in 2021, 4.2% in 2022 and 3.7% in 2023. Officials expect not to be raising the federal funds rate target of zero to 0.25% “until labor market conditions have reached levels consistent with the Committees’ assessment of maximum employment and inflation has risen to 2 percent and is on track to moderately exceed 2 percent for some time.” Monthly asset purchases will not be diminished “until substantial further progress has been made toward the Committee’s maximum employment and price stability goals.”

At virtually every press conference, Chairman Powell is asked for comments about the role of fiscal stimulus going forward and notes as his predecessors did that fiscal policy is not the Fed’s responsibility but rather that of Congress, to which the Fed is also accountable. The irony here is that Powell succeeded Janet Yellen as Fed Chair, and she is now Treasury Secretary and a main player in shaping U.S. fiscal policy.

Since the last FOMC meeting, the dollar has risen 0.6% against the euro and 0.4% relative to the yen on balance. The 10-year Treasury yield is 10 basis points higher now than then, and the DJIA is up 1.5% net despite a difficult sessi0n this morning. The price of West Texas Intermediate crude oil has climbed 11.2%, while gold has slipped 0.5%.

EUR/$ $/JPY 10Y, % DJIA Oil, $
06/30/04 1.2173 109.44 4.63 10396 37.95
06/30/05 1.2090 110.89 3.96 10370 57.00
06/29/06 1.2527 116.07 5.20 11077 73.41
06/28/07 1.3452 123.17 5.10 13456 69.82
08/07/07 1.3749 118.55 4.73 13510 72.27
09/18/07 1.3888 115.75 4.51 13475 81.42
10/31/07 1.4458 115.28 4.42 13873 93.59
12/11/07 1.4682 111.49 4.11 13645 89.78
01/30/08 1.4792 107.31 3.70 12454 91.70
03/18/08 1.5786 98.73 3.41 12257 107.53
04/30/08 1.5562 104.58 3.83 12953 111.54
06/25/08 1.5568 108.37 4.18 11837 133.62
08/05/08 1.5445 108.42 3.97 11484 119.82
09/16/08 1.4144 105.16 3.36 10936 91.18
10/08/08 1.3625 99.87 3.50 9447 87.02
10/29/08 1.2933 97.15 3.81 9145 67.38
12/16/08 1.3790 90.14 2.52 8687 44.14
01/28/09 1.3253 90.01 2.61 8356 42.92
03/18/09 1.3115 98.13 2.94 7340 47.73
04/29/09 1.3331 97.06 3.02 8194 51.05
06/24/09 1.3984 95.43 3.59 8373 68.76
08/12/09 1.4221 96.17 3.71 9366 70.64
09/23/09 1.4779 91.50 3.50 9859 69.13
11/04/09 1.4884 90.75 3.51 9896 80.66
12/16/09 1.4542 89.78 3.56 10478 73.14
01/27/10 1.4045 89.49 3.61 10148 73.31
03/16/10 1.3756 90.64 3.67 10645 81.45
04/28/10 1.3157 94.10 3.75 11043 82.57
06/23/10 1.2284 90.12 3.13 10307 76.50
08/10/10 1.3107 85.85 2.81 10605 79.94
09/21/10 1.3132 85.21 2.66 10747 73.05
11/03/10 1.4059 81.35 2.53 11174 84.59
12/14/10 1.3423 83.37 3.38 11497 88.47
01/26/11 1.3658 82.55 3.41 12001 87.36
03/15/11 1.3969 81.04 3.29 11815 98.09
04/27/11 1.4665 82.63 3.36 12612 112.48
06/22/11 1.4392 80.12 2.97 12175 94.87
08/09/11 1.4234 77.09 2.36 10993 81.76
09/21/11 1.3778 76.34 1.93 11377 86.74
11/02/11 1.3724 78.11 2.03 11805 92.77
12/13/11 1.3067 77.92 1.98 12130 100.20
01/25/12 1.3027 77.96 1.97 12670 98.85
03/13/12 1.3096 82.76 2.08 13044 106.34
04/25/12 1.3226 81.37 1.97 13096 104.13
06/20/12 1.2693 79.28 1.66 12837 83.63
08/01/12 1.2300 78.10 1.49 13028 88.98
09/13/12 1.2895 77.43 1.72 13342 97.60
10/24/12 1.2948 79.75 1.77 13115 85.72
12/12/12 1.3082 83.24 1.70 13325 87.13
01/30/13 1.3584 91.16 2.02 13949 97.63
03/20/13 1.2948 95.65 1.94 14497 92.82
05/01/13 1.3195 97.48 1.62 14740 90.47
06/19/13 1.3364 95.76 2.23 15304 98.38
07/31/13 1.3301 97.92 2.67 15565 105.63
09/18/13 1.3363 98.28 2.76 15606 107.01
10/30/13 1.3764 98.18 2.48 15660 97.42
12/18/13 1.3696 103.81 2.89 16198 98.06
01/29/14 1.3651 102.13 2.73 15719 97.23
03/19/14 1.3918 101.75 2.71 16335 99.96
04/30/14 1.3868 102.11 2.66 16553 99.52
06/18/14 1.3584 101.93 2.61 16892 106.12
07/30/14 1.3372 102.84 2.51 16878 101.45
08/17/14 1.2961 107.60 2.57 17151 94.05
10/29/14 1.2677 108.40 2.33 16956 82.51
12/17/14 1.2409 117.58 2.11 17201 57.85
01/28/15 1.1337 117.77 1.78 17457 44.75
03/18/15 1.0637 120.98 2.05 17733 42.49
04/29/15 1.1164 118.67 2.05 18039 59.16
06/17/15 1.1255 124.22 2.39 17862 59.12
07/29/15 1.1073 123.61 2.29 17720 49.17
09/17/15

10/28/15

1.1334

1.1081

120.86

120.50

2.26

2.07

16778

17687

47.01

45.83

12/16/15

01/27/16

03/16/16

04/27/16

06/14/16

07/27/16

09/21/16

11/02/16

12/14/16

02/01/17

03/15/17

05/03/17

06/14/17

07/25/17

09/20/17

11/01/17

12/13/17

01/31/18

03/21/18

05/02/18

06/13/18

08/01/18

09/26/18

11/08/18

12/19/18

01/30/19

03/20/19

05/01/19

06/19/19

07/31/19

09/18/19

10/30/19

12/11/19

01/29/20

03/03/20

03/15/20

03/23/20

04/29/20

06/10/20

07/29/20

09/16/20

11/05/20

12/16/20

01/28/21

1.0956

1.0874

1.1089

1.1339

1.1205

1.0998

1.1160

1.1099

1.0641

1.0741

1.0638

1.0910

1.1149

1.1735

1.2010

1.1631

1.1815

1.2424

1.2271

1.1963

1.1788

1.1668

1.1765

1.1400

1.1420

1.1415

1.1355

1.1244

1.1217

1.1132

1.1066

1.1117

1.1112

1.1002

1.1179

1.1087

1.0697

1.0859

1.1367

1.1787

1.1824

1.1814

1.2174

1.2099

 

121.72

118.48

113.70

111.37

106.15

105.65

100.84

103.33

115.37

113.52

114.48

112.47

111.55

111.17

111.34

113.91

112.58

109.31

106.27

109.91

110.38

111.69

112.94

113.88

112.26

109.55

111.42

111.17

108.36

108.59

108.16

108.89

108.62

109.14

107.21

108.33

111.26

106.73

107.24

104.84

105.00

103.68

103.65

104.07

2.29

2.02

1.99

1.89

1.62

1.53

1.70

1.78

2.45

2.49

2.57

2.30

2.13

2.29

2.24

2.35

2.34

2.73

2.89

2.97

2.96

2.99

3.08

3.23

2.81

2.72

2.57

2.48

2.08

2.02

1.75

1.80

1.80

1.61

1.01

1.01

0.81

0.61

0.77

0.59

0.67

0.77

0.91

1.01

17583

16002

17217

18013

17675

18461

18151

17989

19915

19890

20885

20920

21375

21711

22376

23405

24585

26259

24839

24095

25309

25310

26543

26195

23881

24841

25727

26624

26452

27210

27048

27067

27877

28833

25917

23185

18592

24667

27169

26467

28196

28418

30,125

30,583

35.95

30.85

37.79

44.89

48.29

41.91

43.44

45.18

51.83

53.33

48.43

47.96

44.71

48.75

50.55

54.24

56.60

64.41

65.00

67.57

66.77

67.62

71.68

60.93

47.80

54.51

59.48

63.38

53.65

58.48

58.16

54.60

58.68

53.52

47.18

31.73

23.36

15.30

39.05

41.22

40.00

38.84

47.77

53.10

Copyright 2021, Larry Greenberg. All rights reserved. No secondary distribution without express permission. 

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