U.S. Manufacturing Edge Versus Euro Area Increased Last Month

February 1, 2019

The ISM-compiled U.S. manufacturing purchasing managers index rose 2.3 index points in January, while IHS-compiled counterpart fell 0.9 points. Consequently, the differential between these two data series, which had narrowed from 7.0 points in November to 2.9 index points in December, ballooned back to 6.1 points in January. This strong U.S. advantage exists in spite of an appreciating dollar. From its average value in February-March 2018 to its mean value last month, the dollar rose about 8% against the euro, which other things being equal would have augmented the price competitiveness of Euroland manufactured goods vis-a-vis U.S. products. A large share of manufactured goods end up as exports.

The 2.3-point rise of the U.S. PMI was led by increases of 6.4 points in production and 6.9 points in orders but restrained by a 5.3-point decline in the subset for prices, which dipped into outright contractionary territory with a January value of 49.6.

Only two of seven individual reporting members of the euro area — Spain and France — had a higher January PMI reading than December score. With a PMI of 47.8, representing a 68-month low, Italy had the bloc’s weakest manufacturing sector. The German PMI was also below the 50 no-change level and, at 49.7, constitutes a 50-month low. The Greek PMI was is lowest since October, and the Austrian, Dutch, and Irish PMIs were at 29-, 28, and 27-month lows.

There were other strong U.S. economic reports released today. Non-farm payroll employment leaped 304K in January and some 800K over the past three months. In each of those three months, moreover, average hourly earnings recorded on-year growth above 3.0%, including 3.2% in January, and the unemployment rate over that span averaged 3.9% despite a rising rate of labor force participation. Separately, construction spending growth of 0.8% on month in November was four times the rise that analysts were expecting. Finally, the final U. Michigan estimate of consumer confidence was revised half a point higher than its preliminary reading, although at 91.2 such was considerably down from 98.3 in December and a reading of 95.7 a year ago.

Mfg PMIs U.S. Euroland Spread EUR/USD
Jan 2013 53.1 47.9 +5.2 1.330
February 53.1 47.9 +5.2 1.334
March 51.5 46.8 +4.7 1.295
April 50.0 46.7 +3.3 1.301
May 50.0 48.3 +1.7 1.299
June 52.5 48.8 +3.7 1.319
July 54.9 50.3 +4.6 1.309
August 56.3 51.4 +4.9 1.331
September 56.0 51.1 +4.9 1.335
October 56.6 51.3 +5.3 1.364
November 57.0 51.6 +5.4 1.349
December 56.5 52.7 +3.8 1.370
Jan 2014 51.3 54.0 -2.7 1.361
February 54.3 53.2 +1.1 1.366
March 54.4 53.0 +1.4 1.380
April 55.3 53.4 +1.9 1.380
May 55.6 52.2 +3.4 1.374
June 55.7 51.8 +3.9 1.360
July 56.4 51.8 +4.6 1.354
August 58.1 50.7 +7.4 1.332
September 56.1 50.3 +5.8 1.290
October 57.9 50.6 +7.3 1.268
November 57.6 50.1 +7.5 1.247
December 55.1 50.6 +4.5 1.232
Jan 2015 53.5 51.0 +2.5 1.162
February 53.3 51.0 +2.3 1.135
March 52.3 52.2 +0.1 1.083
April 51.6 52.0 -0.4 1.081
May 53.1 52.2 +0.9 1.116
June 53.1 52.5 +0.6 1.123
July 51.9 52.4 -0.5 1.101
August

September

October

51.0

50.0

49.4

52.3

52.0

52.3

-1.3

-2.0

-2.9

1.114

1.123

1.121

November

December

Jan 2016

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

Jan 2017

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

Jan 2018

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

Jan 2019

48.4

48.0

48.2

49.7

51.7

50.7

51.0

52.8

52.8

49.4

51.7

52.0

53.5

54.5

56.0

57.6

56.8

55.3

55.5

56.7

56.5

59.3

60.2

58.5

58.2

59.3

59.1

60.7

59.3

57.9

58.7

60.0

58.4

60.8

59.5

57.5

58.8

54.3

56.6

52.8

53.2

52.3

51.2

51.6

51.7

51.5

52.8

52.0

51.7

52.6

53.5

53.7

54.9

55.2

55.4

56.2

56.7

57.0

57.4

56.6

57.4

58.1

58.5

60.1

60.6

59.6

58.6

56.6

56.2

55.5

54.9

55.1

54.6

53.2

52.0

51.8

51.4

50.5

 

 

-4.4

-4.8

-4.1

-1.5

+0.1

-1.0

-0.5

0.0

+0.8

-2.3

-0.9

-1.5

-0.2

-0.4

+0.8

+2.2

+0.6

-1.4

-1.5

-0.7

-0.1

+1.9

+2.1

0.0

-1.9

-1.3

-0.5

+2.1

+2.7

+1.7

+3.2

+5.1

+3.3

+6.2

+6.3

+5.5

+7.0

+2.9

+6.1

1.076

1.090

1.087

1.111

1.114

1.134

1.130

1.124

1.106

1.120

1.121

1.103

1.078

1.054

1.063

1.064

1.069

1.072

1.106

1.124

1.153

1.182

1.191

1.176

1.174

1.184

1.220

1.234

1.234

1.227

1.181

1.167

1.169

1.155

1.166

1.148

1.136

1.138

1.142

 


Copyright 2019, Larry Greenberg. All rights reserved. No secondary distribution without express permission.

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